View Tom Dempsey’s photos from an RV trip seeking peak fall colors across Northeast USA up to the dynamic Bay of Fundy in Canada, for three weeks in October 2014. At bottom is my recommended camping itinerary for chasing a month of bright autumn leaf colors through scenic Northeast parks in New York, New England, Pennsylvania, and New Brunswick, Canada.
Northeast USA to Bay of Fundy: 41 favorite images + map from October 2014 trip
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Our camping itinerary let us chase and hit the peak of fall colors at each destination from September 29 to October 20. This photo gallery includes: New York (Niagara Falls/Ontario, Adirondacks, Watkins Glen and Letchworth SP Gorges, and Corning Museum of Glass); Vermont (Mt. Philo SP, Smugglers Notch and Shelburne Museum); New Hampshire (White Mountains, Mount Washington); Maine (Acadia National Park, Pemaquid Lighthouse, DeLorme’s Eartha globe); Pennsylvania (Ohiopyle SP); New Brunswick, CANADA (Bay of Fundy, Hopewell Rocks sunrise, St Martins and Fundy Trail Parkway); and Indiana (Indianapolis Zoo).
Driving MAP for October peak fall colors: Northeast USA – Bay of Fundy – Indianapolis
Progression of peak fall color dates for Northeast USA & Bay of Fundy
In Northeast USA, fall colors generally peak first at high interior continental locations, and peak last at low elevation areas near the Atlantic Ocean, suggesting a trip from late September through October as follows (varying year to year):
- New York: Adirondack Mountains: September 26-Oct 1 peak colors
- Colors reach peak first in the Lake Placid / High Peaks area in late September. Most of Adirondack Park is blazing with color by the first week of October.
- The Lake Placid region has good mountain scenery with alpine lakes and brooks making perfect fall color reflection photos. Drive up ** Whiteface Mountain for easiest high viewpoint (or hike a fire lookout).
- The latest Adirondacks color peaks along Lake Champlain & Lake George in mid to late October.
- Vermont’s central mountains: Mt Mansfield, Smugglers Notch, Green Mountains: October 1-7 peak colors
- New Hampshire: White Mountain National Forest and Mt Washington: October 1-8 peak colors (with various color stages from mid-Sept to mid-Oct)
- New Brunswick, CANADA: Bay of Fundy: October 5-13 peak colors
- Maine: coastal/Acadia National Park: October 8-14 peak colors
- Vermont: Lake Winnipesaukee & Squam Lake: October 10-21 peak colors
- New York: Watkins Glen and Letchworth State Parks: Oct 12-25 peak colors
- Fall colors brighten the forests of New York’s Finger Lakes region in the last three weeks of October.
- In Letchworth State Park, renowned as the “Grand Canyon of the East,” the Genesee River roars northeast through a gorge over three major waterfalls between cliffs as high as 550 feet, surrounded by diverse forests. See rainbows, mist, and picturesque waterfalls up to 107 feet high. Off Interstate 390, 45 minutes south of Rochester.
- Pennsylvania: Ohiopyle SP and Fallingwater: Oct. 13-28 peak colors
Recommended fall color itinerary with camping & hiking options
In a 25-foot RV rented from CruiseAmerica (in Noblesville; near my wife’s family in Indianapolis, Indiana), we drove 3847 miles in 22 days (Sept 29-Oct 20) visiting:
Niagara Falls (Ontario) > New York’s Adirondacks > New Hampshire’s White Mountains > New Brunswick’s Bay of Fundy > Maine’s Acadia NP > New York’s Watkins Glen and Letchworth SP gorges > Pennsylvania’s Ohiopyle SP and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater house > then back to Indianapolis
In autumn, always call private campgrounds ahead to check for early season closure. Some Walmarts allow overnight RV parking if you call first. Beware that due to their size, RVs cannot drive through Acadia NP’s four low-clearance bridges, New England’s covered bridges, or Mt Washington’s self-drive Road Tour in the White Mountains – all which pose no problem in a car. To save money on a compact 19-foot RV (not available in Eastern USA but available in the West), rent from CruiseCanada.com in Montreal or Toronto. In price per day, a rental car + gas + motel can be cheaper than CruiseAmerica.com’s 25-foot RV + gas + campgrounds; but we enjoyed the RV’s handy kitchen, bathroom, shower, and comfort for sleeping close to nature in campgrounds. Check websites, look for relocation deals, and enter discount code in reservation form. In October 2014, we noticed various motels with vacancies in the popular White Mountains even on weekends, encouraging us next time to try touring by car. As mountain weather often differs from nearby cities, get a better forecast at: www.mountain-forecast.com
ITINERARY KEY: ***Impressive/Must see. **High priority. *Do it if time allows.
Abbreviations: CANADA: ON=Ontario; NB=New Brunswick. RT=round trip. SP=State Park.
USA: NY=New York; VT=Vermont; NH=New Hampshire; ME=Maine; PA=Pennsylvania.
DAY 1 of 22: Sept 29:
- Rent an RV or car. CruiseAmerica.com has afternoon pick-up 1-4pm in Noblesville, Indiana or various other locations in Northeast USA. Gas expenses for a 25-foot RV add up quickly to around $50/day on this 3847-mile itinerary in 2014.
- OHIO: Toledo: * Maumee Bay SP Campground (5 hrs from Noblesville RV). Many sites available.
- ONTARIO: ** Niagara Falls views are better from the CANADA side. (4.8 hrs from Toledo/Maumee Bay SP via Detroit to Niagara Falls, ONTARIO)
- ONTARIO: ** KOA Campground, Niagara Falls, Ontario; or NY: * Golden Hill SP Campground (60 min); or * NY: Lakeside Beach SP Campground (75 min)
- NY: * Chimney Bluffs State Park, Syracuse. (1.6 hrs from Lakeside SP; 2.3 hrs Niagara Falls)
- NY: ADK: *** Fish Creek Pond Campground, near Saranac Lake.
- NY: Adirondacks: hike *** Mount Jo Trail (ADK Loj) 2.6 mi RT, 710 feet gain (55 min from Fish Creek Pond)
- VT: Burlington: ** Mt Philo SP Campground (reserve ahead). ($20 Essex ferry, short ride; or drive around 90 mi in 2.3 hrs from Mt Jo via Crown Pt/Lake Champlain Bridge)
- VT: Burlington / Lake Champlain: ** Shelburne Museum. (20 min from Philo SP; 1.8 hrs from Mt Jo.)
- VT: Stowe: ** Smugglers Notch SP Campground (1 hr from Shelburne).
- VT: ** Stowe Pinnacle Trail, Green Mountains (hike 2.8 miles, allow 3 hrs).
- NH: White Mountains: H302 ** Beechhill Campground & Cabins, east of Littleton. (No reservation needed Oct 2014.)
- NH: Lincoln: H112 / *** Kancamagus Hwy. White MountainsVisitor Center.
- NH: H112: *** Sabbaday Falls, Kancamagus Hwy.
- NH: H112: ** hike UNH Loop Trail (4.8 miles circuit, 1600 feet gain) on Hedgehog Mountain, Sandwich Range Wilderness, White Mountain National Forest.
- * Scenic driving route: NH H302 to H112: Bear Notch /Albany Rd midway to Bartlett.
Oct 5-6: NH: White Mountains: H112 ** Covered Bridge Campground USFS. (Note: RVs must drive around Albany Covered Bridge’s height restriction via Conway and Passaconaway Road.)
- NH: White Mountains: walk to ** Diana’s Baths with hiking extension to ** Moat Mountain hike, North Conway (hike 1-10 mi/2800 ft).
- NH: White Mountains: * Pinkham Notch Visitors Center, H16
- NH: White Mountains: * Mt Washington Road Tour, H16 (RESERVE AHEAD).
Oct 7: ME: Newport: * Christies Campground or Walmart. (3.7 hrs from Covered Bridge Campground via H16/Pinkham Notch)
- or NH: White Mountains: Timberland Campground on US2 NW.
Oct 8: NB: * Fundy Trail Parkway is a pleasant side trip adding 1.4 hours. See * Fuller Falls.
- NB: Fundy NP * Headquarters Camp + * Dickson Falls. (4.8 hrs from Christies Camp, ME; or 6.2 hours if adding Fundy Trail Parkway)
- NB: * Cape Enrage Lighthouse & Barn Marsh Island Beach: see on the way to Hopewell. (30 min from Fundy NP Headquarters; 46 min to Hopewell)
- NB: *** Hopewell Rocks Park, Bay of Fundy. (5.7 hrs from Acadia NP; 8 hrs from North Conway)
- NB: Oct 9 camp option: St Martins: Sea Side Tent & Trailer Park (CALL AHEAD: CLOSED early in fall 2014), adjacent to Fundy Trail Parkway.
- ME: Acadia NP: *** Blackwoods Campground (MUST RESERVE AHEAD)
- ME: Acadia NP: ** Cadillac Summit (but several low bridges restrict RV access)
- ME: Acadia NP: *** Acadia Mountain Trail with loop option via Mt. Sauveur (2.5-4.5 mi RT/700-1300 ft gain)
- ME: *** Trenton Bridge Lobster Pound serves delicious lobsters boiled in fresh seawater over a wood fire, plus other seafood. 1237 Bar Harbor Rd.
- ME: *** Pemaquid Point Lighthouse Park. (8 hrs south of Acadia NP; 7 hrs from Hopewell Rocks)
- ME: Brunswick: ** Hermit Island Campground option. (50 minutes side trip)
- ME: Freeport: ** Recompence Shore Campground (at Wolfe’s Neck Farm nonprofit oceanfront), or Bradbury Mountain SP Campground.
- ME: Freeport: ** LL Bean Outlet Store, Freeport Village Station. (2 hrs from Pemaquid)
- ME: Freeport (Yarmouth): * DeLorme map store: see Eartha, world’s largest globe. (10 min from LL Bean)
- NH: Center Harbor: * Keepsake Quilting (for fabric lovers), Lake Winnipesaukee. (Drive 2 hours from Freeport)
- NH: Holderness: *** West Rattlesnake Mountain Trail to overlook Squam Lake (hike 2-5 miles RT). Or ** Mt Major SP hike, Lake Winnipesaukee, Alton Bay (hike 3.4 mi RT, 1159 feet gain). (Drive 36 min from Center Harbor; 1.8 hrs from Freeport.)
- MA: Lowell: * New England Quilt Museum
- VT: Bennington: * Greenwood Lodge Campsites.
- VT: Bennington: Silk Road Covered Bridge + Paper Mill CB + Burt Henry Covered Bridge.
- NY: Ithaca: Buttermilk Falls * Upper hike (Camp option).
- NY: *** Watkins Glen State Park: walk the spellbinding Gorge Trail 2-4 miles RT. (Drive 36 min from Buttermilk SP; 4.4 hours from Greenwood Lodge; 7.2 hrs from Alton Bay)
- NY: * KOA Campground Watkins Glen/Corning
- NY: *** Corning Museum of Glass.
Oct 16: NY: ** Letchworth State Park Campground: wander the ***Gorge Trail #1 including Inspiration Point, Middle and Upper Genesee Falls (1-4 miles or drive and park). The huge campground has lots of space in October.
Oct 17-18 camp: PA: * Ohiopyle SP, Kentuck Camp. Reserve ahead on weekends. (Drive 5.8 hrs from Letchworth SP via Erie or Punxsutawney or State College)
Oct 18 or 19 tour: PA: *** Fallingwater house tour, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright – MUST RESERVE AHEAD, especially weekends. (5.5 hrs from Letchworth SP via Erie or Punxsutawney or State College)
Oct 19: OHIO: east of Columbus: KOA-Buckeye Lake Campground (on I-70, 3.5 hours from Ohiopyle).
DAY 22 of 22: Oct 20: Indianapolis, Indiana: return RV before 11:00am to Noblesville’s CruiseAmerica RV.
New England and Northeast USA guidebooks
Search the latest New England guidebooks on Amazon.com (then buying anything there supports my site).
Historical tip: As a Westerner traveling “back East” I learned that New York is NOT part of New England. New York and its Harbor were originally settled by the Dutch, who named it New Amsterdam in the colony of New Netherland. The British renamed the New Netherland colony to New York in 1664 (in honor of the then Duke of York, later James II of England) after English forces seized control of the Dutch colony.
- DK Eyewitness New England (Travel Guide) Paperback – December 14, 2021
- Lonely Planet New England’s Best Trips 4 (Trips Regional) Paperback with Folded Map, 2019
- Frommer’s New England (Complete Guides) Paperback with Folded Map, 2019
- Moon New England Hiking: Best Hikes plus Beer, Bites, and Campgrounds Nearby (Moon Outdoors) Paperback – Illustrated, 2020
- New England Waterfalls: A Guide to More than 500 Cascades and Waterfalls Paperback – Illustrated, 2019
- Birds of New England (Falcon Pocket Guides) Paperback – Illustrated, June 1, 2020
- 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Paperback – 2006
- 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created Paperback – 2012
Recommended Canada guidebooks from Amazon.com:
Search for latest Canada travel books at Amazon.com.
- Lonely Planet Canada 14 (Travel Guide) Paperback – Illustrated, May 19, 2020
- Lonely Planet Canada’s Best Trips 1 (Travel Guide) Paperback – Illustrated, May 19, 2020
- The Greatest Hikes on Earth (37 book series) Kindle Edition