BEST TRAVEL CAMERAS 2014 review
Top recommended travel cameras (compact, mirrorless hybrid, DSLR) as of November 2014:
Research by Tom Dempsey recommends the following portable cameras and gear best for on-the-go photographers. In summary:
- World’s best pocket-sized camera: Sony DSC-RX100 (III, II, or I) packs the biggest sensor ever designed into such a small body.
- World’s best all-around travel camera:
- Sony A6000 with 16-50mm Lens (2014, 16 oz with 3x zoom lens 24-75mm equiv, 24mp APS-C). Fast Hybrid Autofocus!
- Or best superzoom with 1″-Type sensor: Panasonic FZ1000 (2014, 29 oz with 16x zoom lens 25-400mm equiv).
- Portable 11x zoom: Olympus Stylus 1 (2013, 14 oz with 28-300mm equiv f/2.8 lens) 1/1.7″ sensor, viewfinder.
- Best 33-oz portable 810mm-equiv telephoto system for wildlife, birds, sports: Nikon 1 V3 camera (2014, 14-oz ILC body, 1″-Type sensor 18mp) mounting a Nikkor CX-format VR 70-300mm f/4.5-5.6 lens (19 oz, 189-810mm equiv) with blazingly fast hybrid autofocus, a new paradigm!
- Cheaper superzoom: Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200 (2012, 21 oz with lens 25-600mm equiv, f/2.8 thru 24x zoom) but its tiny 1/2.3″ sensor is noisy.
- Best-value DSLR-style travel camera is much bulkier, but offers more lens options: Nikon D3200, or D3300 upgrade.
- Best full-frame sensor camera for travel: Sony Alpha A7 Mirrorless for high resolution in dim light at high ISO.
What makes an ideal travel camera?
The “best” travel camera is the one you want to carry everywhere. When heading out the door, do you first reach for a handy compact camera or a bulky DSLR? The best light travel camera should minimize bulk and weight while maximizing sensor dimensions, zoom range, lens diameter, battery life ( ≥ 350 shots), and ISO sensitivity (for lower noise in dim light). Upgrade your camera every 3 years to boost image quality. A sharp zoom lens (optimally zooming 4x to 11x) instantly frames rapidly-changing travel subjects without the extra bulk or annoyance of swapping lenses. Lenses should autofocus fast (minimizing shutter lag ≤ 0.3 sec), optically stabilize images, and focus closely (for macro). Travel cameras should also pop a built-in flash. Look for cameras that articulate (flip out) a high resolution display to jump-start your creative macro, movie, and candid shooting at arm’s length. OLED displays usually outshine LCD. To save bulk, most pocket cameras sadly lack a viewfinder – which leaves you struggling with sunny-day reflections obscuring the display screen. For a superior view, get a camera with an electronic viewfinder (EVF), which by the way, gives more accurate feedback on the final digital image than a non-digital optical viewfinder.
TRAVEL TIPS: Keep a camera safely in a front pouch on your chest or hip for easy access. During adverse temperature and humidity fluctuations or near the sea, double-protect the camera in a zip-lock plastic bag inside the padded pouch (thereby avoiding the extra expense of a weather-sealed body and lens). Below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (or 4 Celsius), camera batteries quickly lose charge, causing cameras to shut down or lock. Revive and extend battery life in cold or below-freezing weather by warming a battery or two in an interior pocket near skin and swapping with the camera’s battery after every 10 minutes of cold exposure.
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In more detail, compare the best NEW travel cameras
A. Pocket sized cameras for everyone:
- The best pocket-sized compact cameras have a physically larger and sharper light-gathering sensor:
- Sony RX100 version III (best-ever pocket camera 2014, 10 oz) now amazingly pops up an electronic viewfinder (OLED SVGA 1.44M dots), widens its lens view to 24mm equiv (brightest aperture f/1.8), zooms to a sharper and brighter 70mm f/2.8 telephoto, tilts its 3″ LCD to a full 180 degrees, and adds a Nuetral Density (ND) filter. Sony RX100 beats rival pocket-sized cameras with an unprecedented 1″ sensor (20mp) capturing over twice the light area, unusually fast 0.15 sec autofocus, and a sharp LCD (1,228,800 dots). To better grasp its slippery body, attach a Sony AG-R1 grip.
- Cheaper: Canon PowerShot S120 (2013, 8 oz, 24-120mm equiv lens, f/1.8-5.7 brightest aperture, 1/1.7 inch type sensor) or slower-focusing S110 (2012, 7 oz).
- A flip-out LCD and now-rare optical viewfinder adds bulk in Canon PowerShot G12 (2010, 14 oz).
- A Canon PowerShot G15 (2012, 12.5 oz) no longer flips out LCD but adds High Speed AF (≥0.22 sec lag) and bright f/1.8-2.8 lens (28-140mm). Costlier G16 is similar.
- The best superzoom pocket travel cameras can cost less (but their smaller sensors limit print size and are noisier in dim light):
- Underwater/shock-resistant/dustproof pocket-sized cameras can go to wetter, rugged places for hiking & climbing:
- Olympus Tough TG-3 (2014, 9 oz, brightest F2.0-4.9 lens, 25-100mm equiv zoom): long CIPA battery life 380 shots.
- Canon PowerShot D30 (2014, 8 oz, 28-140mm): trusty; CIPA battery life 300 shots.
- Panasonic Lumix DMC TS5 (2013, 7.5 oz, 28-128mm equiv zoom): good value; bright LCD; CIPA battery life 370 shots.
- Nikon Coolpix AW120 (2014, 7.5 oz, 24-120mm): good quality per dollar; CIPA battery life 350 shots; dim LCD.
- For easiest underwater focusing, shoot at default wide angle (without zooming).
- Cheapest $120 to $200 cameras for purse or pocket beat cell phone image quality for sharing on web and standard prints:
TIP: Sluggish autofocus shutter lag ≥ 0.5 second in many compact cameras can frustrate your capture of action, people, pets, or sports (except in newer models with hybrid AF such as Sony RX100 and Panasonic FZ1000 above). As a workaround, prefocus (lock) on a contrasty edge of the subject by half pressing and holding the shutter button, then the subsequent full press will be instant, ≤ 0.15 second. But half-press autofocus lock doesn’t work in continuous focus or action mode. Instead, for surer action shots, clearer capture of high ISO sensitivities ≥ 1600, and a good viewfinder, consider a larger camera:
B. The interchangeable-lens compact (ILC) cameras best for travel have electronic viewfinders (mirrorless):
1. TOP TRAVEL CAMERA OF 2014: a bigger sensor (APS-C size) gathers more light through a larger lens:
2. Best splash-proof, dust-proof, hardy ILC camera for travel (with Micro Four Thirds sensor):
- Olympus OM-D E-M5 Micro Four Thirds Digital Camera (2012, 15 oz weather sealed body) with splash-proof M.ZUIKO DIGITAL ED 12-50mm f/3.5-6.3 EZ lens (24-100mm equiv, 7.5 oz, with splendid video, macro down to 36×27 mm).
- Features: high res Electronic Viewfinder (EVF), tilting 610,000-dot OLED LCD, 5-axis sensor-shift image stabilization, best 16mp sensor. The external, clip-on weather-sealed flash unit fits easily in a pocket.
- But a more versatile travel lens with extended telephoto doesn’t have weather sealing: an Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 14-150mm f/4.0-5.6 lens (28-300mm equivalent, 10 oz) is lightweight, but Panasonic HD 14-140mm lens (16 oz, below) is sharper and recommended.
- Compare cameras:
- Sony A6000 beats an Olympus E-M5 in price and significant specs (except E-M5 has a weather sealed body).
- The Olympus OM-D E-M10 Camera (2014, WITHOUT a weather-sealed body) is $300 cheaper than an E-M5, for the same image quality.
- Sony A6000 easily beats Olympus E-M10 (due to larger sensor APS-C versus Micro 4/3, faster autofocus, smaller body, longer CIPA battery life of 420 shots per charge versus 320, faster 11 fps continuous shutter, more movie modes, and about the same viewfinder & LCD).
3. Good price-value for ILC camera (with Micro Four Thirds sensor):
- Panasonic DMC-G6 camera (2013, 14 oz body).
- Best 2012 travel lens: Panasonic Lumix G Vario HD 14-140mm f/4.0-5.8 ASPH./MEGA O.I.S. lens (16 oz, 28-280mm equiv) mounts on Panasonic G6, GF5X, G5 and Olympus OM-D E-M5 and E-M10 cameras (above) [and rivals the optical quality of 10x to 11x zooms from Nikon, Canon, Sony, Olympus, and Tamron, for APS-C and Micro Four Thirds sensors].
- Most compact (1.1″) Premium “X” lens: Panasonic Lumix G X Vario PZ 14-42mm F3.5-5.6 ASPH OIS lens (3.4 oz, 2012).
4. Best portable 810mm telephoto for wildlife, birds, sports (with 1″-Type sensor):
Best price-value compact all-in-one superzoom lens cameras (with non-interchangeable lens)
Instead of an ILC camera, consider saving money with an all-in-one superzoom camera
for capturing everything from landscapes to wildlife. Serious travel photographers should get a bigger sensor, at least 1″ type (13.2 x 8.8 mm), as in the new
- Panasonic LUMIX DMC-FZ1000 (2014, 29 oz with lens) f/2.8-4 lens 25-400mm equiv, 16x zoom. 1-inch-type, 20mp sensor. Fast autofocus. Fully articulated LCD. Notes:
- For the same weight (but twice the price) as FZ1000, you can upgrade to Sony A6000 with 18-200mm lens and APS-C sensor (having 3x bigger light-gathering area, but maybe not as sharp at long end of telephoto).
- The Panasonic FZ1000’s brightest “equivalent F-stop” (f/7.7 to f11 equiv from 25-400mm equiv) is not as bright as Sony’s E-mount 18-200mm f/3.5-6.3 lens (f/5.25 to f/9.45 equiv from 27-300mm equiv). [Definition: “equivalent F-stop” is the F-number on a full-frame-sensor camera which has the same hole diameter as the brightest F-stop of the camera lens being compared, and lets you compare control over shallowest depth of focus/field.]
- More compact: Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 (2013, 29 oz) with nice 8x zoom lens, f/2.8 (f/7.6 equiv) thru its 24-200mm equiv.
Older options with smaller sensors:
- $600: Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200 (2012, 21 oz with lens) has a bright f/2.8 lens throughout its 25-600mm equivalent, 24x range, with Optical Image Stabilization (OIS), HD Video with sound, and raw file support. Or try a cheaper FZ70 (2013). But their tiny 1/2.3-inch type sensor requires bright outdoor light and won’t enlarge big prints as sharply as an ILC or DSLR camera.
- $700: Olympus Stylus 1 (2013, 14 oz with f/2.8 throughout 28-300mm equiv lens) is the world’s smallest camera having an 11x zoom on a 1/1.7″ type sensor. Its great viewfinder is same as Olympus OM-D E-M5. Good 410 shot CIPA battery life.
ILC versus DSLR: mirrorless ILC (interchangeable-lens compact) cameras can pack more quality into a smaller box. In contrast, the design legacy of DSLR cameras (below) comes from the 35mm film era, where a mirror box adds bulk. But for more lens options and fast autofocus ( ≤ 0.3 seconds) with focus tracking (during continuous autofocus) for sports and wildlife, consider a DSLR:
D. Bulkier DSLR cameras have more lens options, fast autofocus, and an optical viewfinder (using a mirror):
Sony’s Translucent Mirror Technology speeds past the excruciatingly slow Live View autofocus of rival DSLRs (except for 27-oz Canon 70D of 2013).
The following DSLR-style cameras focus fast using optical viewfinder, but autofocus very slowly in Live View on LCD:
- Best price-value travel DSLR camera: Nikon D3200 (18 oz body, amazingly sharp 24mp, 2012) or Nikon D3100 (2010).
- For travel flexibility, mount an all-in-one 11x zoom Nikkor DX 18-200mm VR II lens (20 oz, 3 x 3.8″, 2009),
or cheaper 8x zoom Nikkor DX 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR lens (17.3 oz, 3 x 3.8″, 2013),
or hefty 17x zoom Nikkor DX 18-300mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR lens (29 oz, 3.3 x 4.7″, 2012).
- Nikkor AF-S VR 70-300mm F4.5-5.6G lens (26 oz) takes sharper shots of birds, wildlife, and sports.
- For a pro wide angle, consider Tokina AT-X Pro SD 12-24mm F4 (IF) DX lens (or stitch images with Adobe Photoshop).
- For your money, Nikon D3200 beats Canon DSLR camera choices of 2012.
DSLR cameras are best for shooting action (sports, birds) reliably with no shutter lag, capturing low noise in dim light, shooting indoors, making sharp poster-sized prints, and interchanging more lens choices. “DSLR” means Digital Single Lens Reflex, where a mirror lets the viewfinder see through the lens. During a shot, a mirror briefly flips up to expose a digital sensor. As of 2013, almost all DSLR cameras have excruciatingly slow autofocus (2-4 seconds) in Live View on the LCD, except for the super fast Translucent Mirror Technology such as in Sony Alpha SLT-A65V (2011) with fixed mirror, and Canon 70D (2013, 27 oz).
Join the exciting digital revolution — upgrade your camera every 2 or 3 years like I do to get better real resolution (measured in lines per picture height, LPH or LPPH), lower noise at higher ISO sensitivities ( ≥ 800), and quicker autofocus. Since 2009, most cameras take sharper hand-held shots using optical image stabilization (branded as Nikon VR, Canon IS, Panasonic OIS, Sigma OS, Tamron VC, Sony OSS). The latest cameras capture better highlight and shadow detail using automatic dynamic range optimization for JPEG, but you can get much better results using raw file format.
E. Full-frame (35-mm-size) sensor cameras excel at indoor or dim-light action shots at ISO ≥3200.
- Sony Alpha A7 Mirrorless (17 oz body, 24mp, 2013) is the lightest-weight, best-price-value full frame camera. The A7 is not a DSLR: its great electronic viewfinder (EVF) has 2.4 million dots (XGA). Its 3-inch tilting LCD has 1.23 million dots. A7 requires new FE-series (full frame E-mount) lenses. New Hybrid AF builds phase-detection autofocus into the sensor, capturing 5 fps with continuous autofocus. Weatherproof body. Upgrade: A7R captures 36mp. Compare:
- Sony Cyber-Shot DSC-RX1 (17 oz with fixed 35mm f/2 lens, 24mp, 2012) compact full-frame camera fits in a coat pocket, but the optical viewfinder/rangefinder is a costly add-on. Shooting as high as ISO 25,000 still captures usable pictures.
- Sony SLT-A99 DSLR (29 oz body, 24mp, 2012). Its Translucent Mirror beats all full frame rivals with fast Live View autofocus speed and full-time continuous autofocus with tracking in movie mode, full HD 60p/24p video. It has a weather-sealed body, 3-way tiltable LCD, 6 frames-per-second continuous shooting with AF, 2.4M-dot OLED EVF, 14-bit raw, and ISO 100-25,600.
- Nikon D800 DSLR (32 oz body, 36mp, 2012) camera demands highest quality full frame Nikon F Mount lenses and excites professional studio and landscape photographers with its very high resolution (3200 lph raw) rivaling the quality of medium format film for making big fine-art prints. In dim light at dusk, dawn, or indoors, capture low-noise images at high ISOs 6400 to 12,800 — even ISO 25,600 can look good in small prints. Unfortunately it has very slow autofocus using LCD Live View. Only 4 frames per second at full res FX mode for sports (or 6 fps DX).
- Nikon D610 DSLR (30 oz body, 24 mp, 2013) costs less than D800. Captures less noise than Sony NEX-7 by 2-3 stops of ISO when set at ≥3200. Raw resolution up to 2800 lph.
Recommended lenses for DSLR cameras
For close focus (macro enlargement of insects and plants), copy work, and extra-sharp general photography:
- Canon EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro USM lens for APS-C sensors (12 oz) captures true 1:1 reproduction ratio.
- Nikon AF-S Micro-Nikkor 60mm f/2.8G ED Macro Autofocus lens (15 oz) with fast SWM (Silent Wave Motor) and IF (Internal Focusing), captures true macro 1:1 reproduction ratio.
- Compared to the above 60mm lenses, the larger size, weight, and expense of longer macro lenses (such as 100mm or 105mm) gives you a few more inches of comfortable working distance from the front of the lens (to avoid startling insects) and can have a different bokeh (character of out-of-focus areas).
- Instead of carrying one of the above prime macro lenses for a DSLR camera, general travel photographers may prefer an all-in-one 11x zoom lens plus a backup 8-ounce pocket camera (at top) which can focus very closely at wide angle with deep depth of focus.
See related articles: “BEST TELEPHOTO ZOOM LENS 300mm+ for DSLR” and “BEST WIDE ANGLE LENS for DSLR.”
- Memory cards
- Buy at least 2 extra batteries for travel. Wasabi Power brand batteries (from Blue Nook / Amazon.com) have a generous warranty and can last longer than name brand due to higher mAh rating. Blue Nook has top customer satisfaction ratings and a generous return policy. Check if off-brand batteries work with your model (for example, Panasonic GH2 firmware may reject off-brand batteries).
- DSLR lens filters
- A clear glass filter protects your valuable DSLR lens when dropped. I speak from experience! (Get clear glass, not a UV filter, which modern multi-coated lenses made redundant.)
- Use a circular polarizing filter temporarily only to remove reflections or haze, or to contrast clouds with polarized sky.
- Printer with archival quality
- Lightweight travel tripod
- Recommended fast computer for running Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop
- HP Envy Desktop PC with Windows 64-bit operating system (or Apple is fine), quad-core 3.5 GHz Intel i7-3770K Ivy Bridge (or i5-3570K) processor, 12 to 16 gigabytes RAM, GeForce GTX570 graphics card, hard drive 2 or 3 terabytes 7200 RPM, and USB 3.0 ports.
- Computer workflow software
Where to buy cameras and gear with reliable customer service
- B&H Photo Video of New York charges no sales tax outside of NY. Buy new cameras, video, software, and electronics at low prices. Test your new gear within the generous 30-day B&H return policy. (Most competitors only give you 15 days.)
- Amazon.com: After looking on B&H, search Amazon.com for used, older model, or new cameras, books, electronics, etc. Buying a used or pre-owned camera may save money, but don’t miss the quality and ease of use of the latest models.
- Sign up for photography classes with expert Tom Dempsey. Buy his photos, prints, downloads. Order his book at bottom of page.
Gear history: Click here to see Tom Dempsey’s travel cameras carried from 1978 to now.
Terminology and metric conversions
- oz = ounces. Above camera weights in ounces (oz) include battery and memory card.
- g = grams. Multiple ounces by 28.35 to get grams.
- sec = second.
- mm = millimeters. A centimeter (cm) equals 10 millimeters. Multiply centimeters (cm) by 0.3937 to get inches.
- ILC = Interchangeable Lens Compact camera (mirrorless).
- DSLR = Digital Single Lens Reflex (traditional camera where an optical viewfinder uses a mirror to see through the interchangeable lens).
- EVF = Electronic Viewfinder.
- LCD = Liquid Crystal Display.
- OLED (Organic Light-Emitting Diode) beats an LCD in dynamic range from darkest to brightest and consumes less power.
- LPH or LPPH = resolvable lines per picture height = the best empirical measure of real resolution of a camera’s sensor for a given lens (independent of pixel pitch or megapixel count). A camera with higher LPH can make sharper large prints. Look up cameras on dpreview.com to find absolute vertical LPH judged by photographing a PIMA/ISO 12233 camera resolution test chart under standardized lighting conditions. Note which lens, settings, and camera body was used in each test, and compare with others within the same web site.
- equivalent lens = To compare lenses on cameras having different sensor sizes, equiv or equivalent lens refers to what would be the lens focal length (measured in mm or millimeters) that would give the same angle of view on a “full frame” 35mm-size sensor (or 35mm film camera, using 135 film cartridge).
- Compared lenses are “equivalent” only in terms of angle of view. (To determine sharpness or quality, read lens reviews which analyze at 100% pixel views.)
- “Crop factor” = how many times smaller is the diagonal measurement of a small sensor than a “full frame” 35-mm size sensor. For example, the 1.5x crop factor for Nikon DX format (APS-C size sensor) makes a lens labeled 18-200mm to be equivalent in angle of view to a 27-300mm focal length lens used on a 35mm film camera. The 2x crop factor for Micro Four Thirds sensors makes a lens labeled 14-140mm to be equivalent in angle of view to a 28-280mm lens used on a 35mm film camera.
- Superzoom lenses
- In 2013, superzoom often refers to lenses of about 15x zoom range or larger. Steady quality improvements in the resolving power of sensors has made possible superzoom cameras in ever smaller sizes. As superzoom range increases, laws of physics require lenses to focus upon smaller sensors (light detectors) or else to increase lens size. For a given level (most recent year) of technological advancement, a camera with physically larger sensor (bigger light detecting area) should capture better quality for a given zoom lens range.
- “10x zoom” = zoom lens telephoto divided by wide angle focal length. For example, a 14-140mm focal length zoom has a 10x zoom range (140 divided by 14). An 18-200mm zoom has an 11x zoom range (200 divided by 18).
- equivalent F-stop = refers to the F-stop (F-number) on a full-frame-sensor camera which has the same hole diameter as the brightest F-stop of the camera lens being compared. Equivalent F-stop lets you compare capabilities for creating shallow depth of focus (depth of field) on cameras with different-sized sensors. Formula: F Number (or Relative Aperture) = actual focal length of lens divided by diameter of the entrance pupil.
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